I have chosen to find info on The Red Cross, because I have heard much about it in the news and other places, but I still don't know what kind of organization it is, and what they actually do.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international movement. It's only purpose is to discover and stop disrespect and crimes against human beings, while not caring about religion, ethnicy or belief. The movement is neutral and works to protect people in wars and civil conflicts. It's main task is to coordinate the cooperation between it's national sectors. Internationally, the movement lead and organize the community in conjunction with large disasters and catastrophes.
The man behind it all
Until the middle of the 19th century, there was no good organization or department to help the hurt and wounded on the battlefield within the army, and no neutral organization to treat those who got hurt.