In this text I will tell about the great Native American Sitting Bull. He was a Hunkpapa Lakota chief and holy man under whom the Lakota tribes united in their struggle for survival on the northern plains. He remained defiant towards American military power and contemptuous of American promises to the end. He was born around 1831 on the Grand River in present-day South Dakota, at a place the Lakota called "Many Caches" after the number of food storage pits they had dug there. Sitting Bull was given the name “Tatanka-Iyotanka”, which describes a buffalo bull sitting intractably on its haunches. It was a name he would live up to throughout his life.
The stage was set for war between Sitting Bull and the U.S. Army in 1874 when an expedition led by General George Armstrong Custer confirmed that gold had been discovered in the Black Hills of Dakota Territory. This area was sacred to many tribes and placed off-limits to white settlement by the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868. Despite this ban, prospectors began a rush to the Black Hills, provoking the Lakota to defend their land. When government efforts to purchase the Black Hills failed, the Fort Laramie Treaty was set aside and the commissioner of Indian Affairs decreed that all Lakota not settled on reservations by January 31, 1876 would be considered hostile.