The United Kingdom (UK) is made up of four countries, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The full name is “The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”. England, Wales and Scotland together make up Great Britan (GB/Britain). Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, together make up Ireland.
The captial city of the United Kingdom is London, wich lies in England. England is located in the southern part of Great Britain.
The Tower of London has been the setting for many great events during its 900-year history as a Royal palace and fortress, prision and place for execution, arsenal, mint, menagerie and jewel house. And it’s also the oldest tower.
A fire started in London on the September 1st 1666. The fire soon took hold, and on the 2nd September, 300 houses had collapsed and the strong east wind spread the flames further. Only one fifht of London was left standing after this fire ! Virtually all the civic buildings were destroyed, as well as 13 000 private dwellings, but amazingly only six people had died. This fire was called “The Great Fire”.