When Franklin D. Roosevelt became the President of the United States in 1933, is was clear that something had to be done. The US was suffering from the previous crash in the stock market, the earlier farm crisis, and the fact that the gab between rich and poor had grown even more. FDR’s answer to this is what we know as the New Deal. It was a three-pronged strategy, often thought of as the three R’s. Relief Programs meant to ease suffering, Recovery Programs hoping to rebuild the economy and finally, Reform Programs to prevent future crises. Even though the New Deal didn’t manage to fully overcome the Depression, there is no doubt that it’s programs and Act’s changed American society and government.
Congress passed several relief programs, and one of the most significant ones was the CCC, Civilian Conservation Corps, from 1933 to 1935. It was meant to employ young men, by having them plant trees, set up firebreaks, and build dams. In addition to this, the Corps offered courses to workers which they could retrieve job skills from or a high school diploma. This is one of the programs that truly was successful; after 1941 2.5 million men had been involved with camps, and with that gotten employed and educated. Together with this program, there also followed others. One of the programs meant to give direct relief was the FERA, Federal Emergency Relief Administration. It got 500 million dollars to give to states, cities and towns. The head of FERA, Harry Hopkins, wanted work programs to replace direct relief. He managed to get the CWA, Civil Works Adm., set up, a program that eventually took over many of FERA’s previous functions. By 1934, 4 million people had jobs in CWA, jobs including building roads, parks, schools and even airports. The CWA has been criticized for it’s "make-work" projects, for example raking of leaves, just to get people employed. The purpose was to get the moral up among unemployed by employing them, and further more get money into economy as well as ading individuals.