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Native American History


Om urbefolkningen i Amerika; Indianerne.
Sjanger:TemaoppgaveLastet opp:17.03.2005
Språkform:EngelskForfatter:
Tema:Indianere
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The Indians or the native Americans is often remembered as characters in the old westernfilms. People think of terrible warriors who rode around on their horses with feathers i their hair, arrow and bow.

But how were they really?

 

The native americans were not one nation, as many people belive. You must remember that America is a whole continent. There were native Americans all the way from Canada and Alaska in the North to the Andes-montains in the South. There were many nations with different history, culture and languages, just like the rest of the world. Some lived by fishing, others by farming or hunting.

 

The most known Indians are those who lived on the prairie. They were among the best horsemen on the earth. But they had not had the horse for a very long time. The horse came with the Europeans in 1519. Before that it was difficult to live on the praire because of missing water. Now the native Americans could ride far away for long distances.

 

The native Americans respected the nature around them in a way, that is difficult for us to understand. They belived the earth could not belong to any man. The man belonged to the earth. Every life was just as important as another. They ment that all things were connected. The man did not weave the web of life, he was merely a strand in it. Whatever he did to the web, he did to himself.  

 

The meeting with the Europeans became a disaster for the native Americans. Throug fraud, violence and war they were down supressed and denied. Whole groups of people were eliminated by diseases and alcohol which the white population brought with them. The native Americans were forced west by the settelsers, and they were almost eliminated because of the bloody wars around 1800.

 

It was called massacre when the Indians took revenge because of encroachment, but when the white population slaughtered down Indians, then got a place of glory in the historybooks.

 

The proud people were placed into restervatoins. They lost everything!

 

Around the 20. century North America wasplitted between two white nations, the United States and Canada. The prarie was the last area which was taken from the native Americans. It became like an island slowly absorbed by the water around. People immigrated to the “Wild west” from all over the world. They were hoping for a new life filled with possibilities. In the “Wild west” there were free ground, no taxes or diseases and lots of fish in the rivers.

 

And they hunted the buffaloes. Most of the buffalohunters hunted because of the skin, which was very expensive on the eastcoast. Others slaughtered them down because of their tongue, which was a delicacy. The rest of the buffalo were left behind.

 

The passengers on the trains did often shoot at the buffalos for fun. In the end the buffalo was eliminated. From a stock on about 70-75 millions buffalos around the 16th century there were only 39 buffalos in 1900.

 

The buffalo had given the Indians everything they needed. By exterminating the buffalos the white population took away the livelihood of the Indians on the prarie.  

 

It is no secret that the native Americans suffered from injustice when the Europeeans came to America. But on the other hand, not so many knowns that the native Americans are suffering today. They are still suppressed and among the poorest. Prejudice and rasicm against theese people are unfortunately also common in the United States today.  

 

If you think the native americans still look like this,

 

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then it is time to change your oppinion

 

..and if you think this is how they live today,


 

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then you are just too romantic.

 

Because, welcome to a new reallity!

 

The Indains were namely supposed to become Americans. Through hundreds of years the European culture and mode of living has been forced to them.

 

The children were supposed to learn how to read, write and count, how to become "real" Americans. They were not allowed to intercourse with their families or their own culture. Therefore they were - often by power - fetched out of their camps and reservations to be placed into "white" schools. The children were dressed in "civilized clothes" and their hair were cut short. They were not allowd to speak their own language, and they were given new English names, instead of their own.

 

Here you can see one example:

 

   

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This is Tom Tolino, a Navahoboy, both the pictures are taken within a year

 

Some Indians managed the transition, some were even able to raise themselves in a white world. But many went bust. They were cracked and landed in the shaddows of the white world.

 

Those who still hold on to their old culture and tradition had to stay at the reservations - often against their own will. Many of them are today in the worst conditions of the United States.

 

From time to time there were discovered wealths as oil, coal and uranium at the reservations. Then the Indians were either forced to move away or sell parts of their ground. That was a hard choice, because the wealthness could give sorely needed money, but their land would be ruin for ever. By working in the mines at the reservations, lots of native Americans became ill, got cancer, and died.

 

Many decided after a while to move to the cityes. They wouldn't live in such bad conditions at the reservations. But they had no education, and most of the white population suppressed them. Because of that, they could not get any jobs, and became unemployed. Many started to drink..

 

We have all seen pictures and movies of native Americans in their lovely clothes, living in charming villages, and with their own cultural dances. That could be correct, but only in the same way as we Norwegians wear our national costumes and dance folkdances.

 

Many Indians live today as the white population, in the cities, out in the country, as businesspeople, lawyers, doctors, farmers etc. But that is unfortunately not the whole picture.

 

Many native Americans still live in reservations as this one in Oglala - Pine Ridge - South Dakota where poverty and diseases make it a impossible to improve their own conditions.

 

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Kommentarer fra brukere


En gang i blant skrives det kommentarer som mangler seriøsitet eller som ikke har noe med oppgavens tema å gjøre. Hjelp oss å rydde! Klikk 'varsle' nederst til høyre på de meldinger du mener må bort. Så fjerner redaksjonen kommentarene etter hvert.

Emma
02.06.2005 21:23

Bra!
41
anbefalinger
Synes du skriver kjempebra engelsk, & du har fått til en flott oppgave!! Denne hjalp meg mye!!

:P
09.03.2006 17:30

Bra!
25
anbefalinger
jeg lukter copy & paste fra lang vei  Razz :-P  Very Happy :-D

Martin The Great ;)
10.03.2006 13:12

Bra!
20
anbefalinger
Dette var en fin tekst, og engelskprosjektet mitt ble mye enklere  Wink ;-\)

Bestemorra di
07.12.2015 16:36

Bra!
19
anbefalinger
Bestemorra di skrev den teksten bro!. Jeg kjenner henne mamma og pappa og Beste beste fra og far

Reidar
15.03.2006 11:56

Bra!
15
anbefalinger
Dette er det bare å kopiere folkens! Lite skrivefeil. Hva fikk du i karakter på dette? Over 5 ivertfall!

Simen
14.06.2006 11:56

Bra!
13
anbefalinger
Fin oppgave! Noen feil, men med Word og engelsk som språk, er det ikke noe problem hverken å finne dem eller rette dem

tonje
15.11.2006 17:32

Bra!
12
anbefalinger
haha Razz :-P leste jo just den på norsk  Razz :-P

Nora
07.12.2008 11:51

Bra!
12
anbefalinger
dette var ok, tipper du fikk en 3'er på dette! Du skrev jo nesten ikke om nasjonaliteten for native americans... men man kan jo kopiere litt sånn at man får en bedre karakter enn dette  Wink ;-\)

;P
23.01.2011 16:57

Bra!
12
anbefalinger
Like dette bra jeg  Smile :-\) Har en oppgave i dette no, så det var gerit å kunne lese litt om dette først. Kanksje det blir en bar karakter who knows`?

;P
06.12.2006 14:27

Bra!
11
anbefalinger
hva karakter fikk du? : )

:)
24.02.2006 09:53

Bra!
8
anbefalinger
greit nok dette her... Razz :-P

hmm
11.10.2006 15:37

Bra!
8
anbefalinger
var vel mye copy past dette her men.... hjalp meg mye

:P
21.09.2006 13:51

Bra!
7
anbefalinger
Dettehjalpmejmyyyye! Razz :-P


30.06.2011 13:35

Bra!
7
anbefalinger
You have done justice to the lecacy of the people of the americas and i thank u....history has been so distorted to hide the genocide and racism that has ben brought on tje real americans....i believe you would appreciate a book by David Stannard called the Americian Holocaust...very important history book.....thank u

=)
23.02.2010 15:10

Bra!
6
anbefalinger
, bra stil asz, tror du at du kan skrive flere stil til meg? Jeg brukte stilen til engelsken og jeg fikk brae kommentarer! Hvordan kan man bli en bedre skriver i Engelsk?

Tre
01.11.2012 18:51

Bra!
6
anbefalinger
Takk for bra bra opplegg. Då var eg hjulpen

hee
16.04.2009 18:43

Bra!
4
anbefalinger
du vet det er ulovelig å kopiere Smile :-\)? du burde allefall klart å gjort det om til ditt egent da!!

Per
20.10.2009 23:00

Bra!
4
anbefalinger
Nå har jeg skrevet en tekst selv om indianerene i USA, og mye av dette har jeg lest, ordrett, på nettet!!

Anne
26.10.2011 15:50

Bra!
4
anbefalinger
kjempe bra! har allerede lest igjennom hele og har tenkt å skrive ned litt til Engelsk framføringa til Fredag om Native Americans!  Very Happy :-D

Den-sultene-drittungen
26.10.2011 22:06

Bra!
4
anbefalinger
Dette er så Hardt copy & Paste! Uansett... jeg trenger fakta til oppgaven min  Wink ;-\) så.. Fakta er fakta...

asfgj
21.02.2013 19:55

Bra!
4
anbefalinger
Forstår ikke hvorfor norsklæreren hans skulle bry seg om skrivefeilene hans i en engelskoppgave, Nils.

Den gutten
03.02.2014 19:36

Bra!
2
anbefalinger
Jeg har en engelsk stil i morgen så denne artikkelen hjalp meg bra ut av lite øving og ikke så mye forberedelser. Takk! Smile :-\)

mah
07.05.2014 18:12

Bra!
2
anbefalinger
ræv engelsk

BRO
07.06.2017 18:22

Bra!
2
anbefalinger
briirrr takka du ga meg 6 er på muntlig

tingeling
05.02.2014 20:53

Bra!
1
anbefalinger
dette hjalp meg mye  Smile :-\) fant ingenting på nettet som var forstålig som dette var  Smile :-\) tusen takk!!  Smile :-\)


30.01.2015 09:27

Bra!
1
anbefalinger
Kjempebra side! Skal ha fremføring i engelsk og denne siden reddet meg!!

ku
28.11.2017 00:39

Bra!
1
anbefalinger
du skrev ikke noe om hvor lange peniser de hadde


22.01.2018 11:00

Bra!
1
anbefalinger
Dette er gay


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