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William Shakespeare


Historien om William Shakespeare.
Sjanger:TemaoppgaveLastet opp:15.02.2003
Språkform:EngelskForfatter:
Tema:William Shakespeare
Verktøy:Utskrift   Del på Facebook



Not much is known about William Shakespeare’s life, not even his birthday is known for sure. The lexicon and history books say that he was born on April 23, 1564 in the midlands town of Stratford- upon-Avon. He was an English playwright and poet that later became famous all over the world as one of the greatest righter in the history.  His father John Shakespeare worked hard and became in 1568 a mayor. His mother Mary Arden, was a comfortably countrywoman. William was going on the Latin school in town. But when his father in 1576 got in economic problems, Williams’s education became more casual. John Shakespeare and Mary Arden had seven other children. William was the third child and their first son.  William went to the King Edward VI Grammar School. Usually the boys were sent out to work, but if their parents could not afford the work, they were sent to school. Girls often were taught at home and didn’t learn to read or right.

 

When William turned into the age of 15 he began to work and stopped going on school. He didn’t go to a university but probably read as much books he could get at home. When William was 18, he married Anne Hathaway, who was eight years older than him. The next year Susanna Shakespeare was born and two years later followed the twins Judith and Hamnet. After his age of 20 nobody knows for sure what he did, but it is possible he worked as a teacher, lawyer, soldier or with his father in Stratford. It is also known that he wrote at least six plays by the end of 1594.

 

In 1597 William bought a large, expensive Stratford house, “New Place”. He was still working in London at that time but it gave his wife and children their own home.  In 1599, William and six other men bought a new outdoor theatre in London called The Globe, which was one of the biggest theatres in England. James I, King of England took the throne in 1603 when his cousin Queen Elizabeth I, died.

 

King James supported Shakespeare and his men and gave them license to call themselves the King's Men in return for entertaining the court regularly.

The King's Men became the leading theatrical group for their time.

 

So far his plays have been both happy and optimistic, but about 1601 there is a change. The reason for this change is unknown, it might have been because of something happening in his private life or in the society around him. Later in his life he wrote a collection of poems in sonnet form, and some say these are the finest poems ever written.

 

This was also during the time when William was writing his most famous plays such as his tragedies Antony and Cleopatra, Julius Caesar, Hamlet, King Lear, Macbeth and Othello.

Only four plays were produced in Shakespeare's last eight years. His last play, Henry VIII is dated 1613.

 

William moved back to Stratford, to live with his family. He also died here on his birthday in 1616, as a well-known writer and actor.  William’s last direct descendant died in 1670. It was his granddaughter Elizabeth who never had any children.

 

  

The tragedies

 

William’s tragedies are the most famous and popular plays. In this plays all of his best-known characters are such as Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Othello and Hamlet. All of William’s tragedies have a tragic hero. He is often a man of high rank, such as a king or prince. And in every play the hero is put into a difficult situation, which he must try to resolve.  For example:

 

Macbeth would like more power and one day he meets three witches who predict that he will be king. Macbeth believes that if he kills Duncan, he will rule in his place. Macbeth’s wife would like him to be a king too. She puts pressure on him to kill Duncan, and accuses him of being cowardly. Duncan decides to visit Macbeth at his castle. His wife encourages him to kill. The pressure is too much and Macbeth kills Duncan. He regrets it at once, but by then it to late...

 

 

Comedies

 

William’s comedies are well known for not necessarily being funny but usually have happy endings. The comedies can be divided into three main groups:

 

Happy comedies: which are often funny and its used lots of jokes and slapsticks to get laughs. The plot is very important and characters are not always very realistic. For example in The Comedy of Errors, it contains about identical two twins living separated. The mix-ups get more and more complicated, only the audience knowing which twin is which.

 

Problem plays: 

Problem plays deal more with the serious issues, for example Measure for Measure.

 

Romances:

Romances are more similar to the fairytales. Pericles and Cymbeline are an example for romances.

 

 

The earlier history plays

 

The history plays are more than just historical events acted out on stage. They are dramatic works that use history as a starting point. These plays are not concentrated on fact, but examined the individuals who make history. They try to tell people what’s making a good king, an example for a play is: Henry VI, Parts 1, 2 and 3 and Richard III, covers the period 1422 to 1485, when the Wars of the Roses raged in England between the families, or “houses”, of Lancaster and York. 

 

  

Shakespeare’s poems and songs

 

William’s most famous poems are his sonnets (a sonnet is a short poem with fourteen lines and strict rhyme scheme, a sequence of short poems about love, fame and mysterious relationship.

This is a sonnet:

From fairest creatures we desire increase,

That thereby beauty's rose might never die,

But as the riper should by time decease,

His tender heir might bear his memory:

But thou contracted to thine own bright eyes,

Feed'st thy light's flame with self-substantial fuel,

Making a famine where abundance lies,

Thy self thy foe, to thy sweet self too cruel:

Thou that art now the world's fresh ornament,

And only herald to the gaudy spring,

Within thine own bud buriest thy content,

And tender churl mak'st waste in niggarding:

Pity the world, or else this glutton be,

To eat the world's due, by the grave and thee.


Kommentarer fra brukere


En gang i blant skrives det kommentarer som mangler seriøsitet eller som ikke har noe med oppgavens tema å gjøre. Hjelp oss å rydde! Klikk 'varsle' nederst til høyre på de meldinger du mener må bort. Så fjerner redaksjonen kommentarene etter hvert.

inga
24.08.2005 08:44

Bra!
4
anbefalinger
dritbra.. Very Happy :-D nå slepper jeg å skrive oppgaven selv..men du MÅ jobbe mer med den engelsken din assa Wink ;-\)hehe

Pråpælly!
19.05.2005 09:33

Bra!
3
anbefalinger
Erhm, kunne du ikke tatt dn på norsk?

:)
01.06.2005 13:45

Bra!
3
anbefalinger
Bra dette , men en ting som irriterte meg . det er WRITE eller i fortid WROTE IKKE RIGHT

::)
07.06.2005 10:37

Bra!
3
anbefalinger
Fettbra, slapp æ å lage egne sammendrag tel Hamlet Very Happy :-D

Naken Ape
11.10.2005 10:40

Bra!
3
anbefalinger
Selvom jeg kanskje er en naken apekatt, trenger du ikke å mobbe det Smile :-\) Hilsen Naken Apekatt 16,. legg til meg på msn: glem det

FC LYN OSLO
27.10.2005 15:04

Bra!
3
anbefalinger
hehe...dette var bra, nå slipper jeg å gjøre leksen Smile :-\) men du bør bruke ordboken neste gang Razz :-P

Britt
27.11.2005 01:23

Bra!
3
anbefalinger
King James!!! Det e feil!. Det er King Jacob I som kom på tronen i 1603 etter Elisabeth sin død, som da beskyttet Shakespeares trupp-og truppen gikk over fra å hete The Chamberlains men til å hete The Kings Men.  Smile :-\)


22.01.2006 17:52

Bra!
3
anbefalinger
Nope. Det var James den første / sjette(det var det jeg skrev i stilen min, men nå vet jeg det var feil) som ble konge i 1603.
Se i Historie boka!

BLÆÆÆ
10.06.2006 10:51

Bra!
3
anbefalinger
det er mye bra stoff her, men engelsken er ganske på tryne. blant annet så står det Historien om William Shakespeare på toppen, trodde du skrev engelsk??

Chubby-Cheese
13.06.2006 19:28

Bra!
3
anbefalinger
Masse bra innhold, men alt for masse unødvendig stoff, og ALT FOR MASSE SKRIVELEIFER!

Thea
07.05.2008 11:42

Bra!
3
anbefalinger
Hm, har du ikke skrevet denne om ifra en annen her på daria? Den er helt prikklik en hvis du oversetter det liksom  Razz :-P

Wakka
01.06.2004 18:28

Bra!
2
anbefalinger
Nice

whatever
09.03.2005 14:54

Bra!
2
anbefalinger
Ehm, bortsett fra litt dårlige engelsk, va an jo kanon!

Kongen
23.05.2005 17:38

Bra!
2
anbefalinger
Seriøst, dette er drit bra!

RBK
24.05.2005 22:03

Bra!
2
anbefalinger
KONGE

Karina
19.10.2005 23:22

Bra!
2
anbefalinger
hehe.. va bra ta Smile :-\)

Camilla
14.02.2007 18:14

Bra!
2
anbefalinger
Kjempe bra altsÅ Very Happy :-D

PREBEN FRA NUS
24.04.2013 13:40

Bra!
1
anbefalinger
eg kunne lagd bedre på hidisk, kan da ikkje ein gong, LOL :* NIGGAH

lærer
28.11.2009 16:40

Bra!
0
anbefalinger
bra, men du bør øke ordforholdet ditt i engelsk , ellers bra


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