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British Parliament meets Norwegian “Stortinget”
Essayet legger vekt på forskjeller og likheter mellom Englands og Norges politiske system.
Karakter: rundt 5 (del 2 av tentamensoppgave)
The Norwegian political system is built up on three different institutions: Regjering, stortinget and domstolen. Stortinget's role is to make laws, and pass the budget for the coming year. It consists of whoever was voted on during the election, where the party with the most votes gets the most people into stortinget. And the more votes your party has in Stortinget, the more likely they are to get their ideas for new laws trough, or how the budget is made. Regjerings role is to govern which laws that becomes active. They also have to see trough the budget that Stortinget makes. And the third part of Norways political system is Domstolen, it works independently, and it's role is to solve conflicts between parties.
The British political system is a lot like the Norwegian one(seeing as we got the idea from them) They have Parliament, which would be equivalent to stortinget, that make laws and pass the budget. Parliament consists of “The house of commons”(who are elected, as with the members of Stortinget) and “The house of lords”, who are not elected. The house of commons's members are called MP's (Members of parliament). On election day(always a thursday) only the People with the most votes can become an MP of their chosen constituency . Which means that if “Jakob” had 1 more vote than “Oscar”, Jakob would get the seat. A lot of people think the British way of electing a government is unfair, because it's hard for small or medium-sized parties to gain any sort of power in Parliament. The general elections in the UK are not held at fixed times, but no more than five years can elapse between two general elections. In Norway on the other hand, we have an election every 4th year.
The second institution is the government, which is formed by whichever party has the most MPs. But if there isn't one particular party that has the most members, two parties can go together and form a coalition government. Which grants them the majority in parliament, and allows them to form a government(this system is also allowed and practised in the Norwegian political system).
When it comes to Voting day, Britain always do it on a Thursday(not sure how it is in Norway), and the polling stations are open all day to every British citizen, that wants to vote. They count the votes by hand, usually in a large hall. The candidates are usually nerves and can't wait for the results. Seeing as whoever got the most votes are the ones that gets the seats, this is a matter of them getting the job, or just having to walk on home. So basically the people who voted for the candidates that lost, have more or less wasted their vote. And this is the main difference between the Norwegian and the British system. Because in Norway the representatives in Stortinget are based on a percentage of how many votes each party got. So hopefully there are “no” soar losers in British politics.
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